Side Effects of Anesthesia
- Some numbness or reduced feeling in part of your body (local anesthesia)
- Nausea and vomiting.
- A mild drop in body temperature.
How do anesthesiologists determine the type of anesthesia to be used?
The type of anesthesia the anesthesiologist chooses depends on many factors. These include the procedure the client is having and his or her current health.
Position a Patient on the Operating Table
The nurse should have an idea which patient position is required for a certain surgical procedure to be performed. There are lots of factors to consider in positioning the patient which includes the following:
- Patient should be in a comfortable position as possible whether he or she is awake or asleep.
- The operative area must be adequately exposed.
- The vascular supply should not be obstructed by an awkward position or undue pressure on a part.
- There should be no interference with the patient’s respiration as a result of pressure of the arms on the chest or constriction of the neck or chest caused by a gown.
- The nerves of the client must be protected from undue pressure. Serious injury or paralysis may result from improper positioning of the arms, hands, legs or feet.
- Shoulder braces must be well padded to prevent irreparable nerve injury.
- Patient safety must be observed at all times.
- In case of excitement, the patient needs gentle restraint before induction.
Reason of Performing a Surgical Procedure
- To cure an illness or disease by removing the diseased tissue or organs.
- To visualize internal structures during diagnosis.
- To obtain tissue for examination.
- To prevent disease or injury.
- To improve appearance.
- To repair or remove traumatized tissue and structures.
- To relieve symptoms or pain.
Nursing Responsibility during the Intraoperative Phase
- Safety. Is the Highest Priority of nurses.
- Simultaneous placement of feet. This is to prevent dislocation of hip.
- Always apply knee strap.
- Arms should not be more than 90°
- Prepare and apply cautery pad. Cautery is used to stop bleeding.
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