Low-Calorie Diet for Osteoarthritis

One of major risk factors for knee osteoporosis is obesity. Medical recommendation to reduce pain in the joints is instructing the patient to loss weight. However, most people don’t succeed on meeting this goal. Osteoarthritis, otherwise termed as the wear and tear arthritis is usually an age-related condition that affects joints of the body. A study done in Denmark, suggests that a low-calorie commercial diet with high-protein formula greatly helps patients with this condition lose weight. Based on the research, 9 out of 10 patients stayed on the 400 to 1200 calorie per day diet for four months. After the study, these patients lose about 30 pounds each.

Furthermore, more than half of these people reported an improvement in the pain experienced in the knees. Mobility is also reported to be improving after shedding extra pounds. This information is according to the statement made by Robin Christensen, PhD. He also stated that a calorie-restricted diet can be a safe treatment for osteoarthritis. However, some arthritis specialists are skeptical about this formula-based diet.

Skeptical Opinions about Calorie-Restricted Diet

A physician and specialist from Cooper University Hospital in Camden, New Jersey declared skeptic thoughts about the seemingly good osteoarthritis treatment. The idea of losing significant weight in the 16-week trial is quite impressive. However, what happened to the patient months after the procedure is not reported. Since a rapid weight loss is almost followed by a rapid weight gain too. Of course gaining the weight back may depend on the client if he or she goes off with the diet or adheres to the low-calorie formula.

Obesity: A Major Problem

In the United States, the estimated adult population diagnosed with osteoarthritis reaches to 10 million. Speculations came out that in the next decade about 6.5 million and more adults will add to the digits. About half of the new cases will affect not only the elderly but the younger population as well. It is estimated the people younger than 65 years of age will be getting the condition due to the dramatic increase of obesity cases currently. The estimate was supported by a Danish study where 192 obese patients are diagnosed with osteoarthritis. The age of the subjects was just over 50 years of age.

Low-Calorie Diet Study

Cambridge Manufacturing Company, now markets a formula-based diet. This is the product of the study co-founded by the said company. In the study, 175 clients are instructed to follow the formula-based commercial ‘Cambridge Weight Plan.’ The duration of the diet is 16 weeks. About 420-810 calories are taken daily during the formula-phase only diet. The calorie content increased to 1200 daily during the last eight weeks. It was during this time that food-based meal was added in the diet.

During the study, a nutritionist is spending time with the clients and eventually teaches them the strategies to healthy eating which is comprised of 5-6 small meals daily. At the end of the study, clients lose the fat but not the lean muscle. Also, improvements in Vitamin D and Vitamin B12 levels are found out. Vitamin D is an essential component to achieving bone health.

 Image courtesy of everydayhealth.com

Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN

Currently a Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer. Subjects handled are Pediatric, Obstetric and Psychiatric Nursing. Previous work experiences include: Clinical instructor/lecturer, clinical coordinator (Level II), caregiver instructor/lecturer, NC2 examination reviewer and staff/clinic nurse. Areas of specialization: Emergency room, Orthopedic Ward and Delivery Room. Also an IELTS passer.

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