Intro to Nursing Research Reviewer
contributed by gian, SN
- A systematic search for and validation of knowledge about issues of importance to the nursing profession (Polit & Hungler).
- Research concerned with knowledge that directly or indirectly influences clinical nursing practice.
- Systematic, objective process of analyzing phenomena of importance to nursing.
PURPOSE OF NURSING RESEARCH
- To generate new knowledge, to test or generate new theories.
- Use knowledge to solve immediate problems.
IMPORTANT GOALS FOR NURSING RESEARCH
- Production of evidence-based practice.
- Credibility of the nursing profession.
- Accountability for nursing practice.
- Documentation of cost-effectiveness of care
TYPES OF RESEARCH
a. Quantitative Research
- Objective, has tight controls, can generalize findings.
- Hard, replicable, reliable.
- Manipulation and control of phenomena.
- Verification of results using empirical data
- Testing of hypothesis.
- Limited existing theories.
b. Qualitative Research
- Subjective meaning of an experience to a person.
- Rich, real, deep, valid.
- In-depth description of people or events.
- Data gathered thru unstructured interviews and participant observation.
- Concerned with patterns and themes.
- Must be open to new theories.
- Does not have clear-cut guidelines, and are actually harder to do for novice researcher.
ROLES OF A NURSE IN RESEARCH
- Principal investigator
- Demands preparation beyond BSN level
- Member of research team
- Data collector, administer experiments or interventions.
- Identifier of researchable problems
- Eg. Nurse at bedside can determine problem areas that may be investigated on.
- Evaluator of research findings
- Determines the usefulness of findings; beginning researchers should critique research articles.
- User of research findings
- Patient or client advocate
- Subject of studies
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH & QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE RESEARCHES