Lawrence Kohlberg’s Development of Moral Reasoning
- Born:October 25, 1927
- Birthplace: Bronxville, New York, United States
- Died: January 19, 1987
- Location of death: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, United States
- Nationality: American
- Occupation: Psychologist, College Teacher
Level of Moral development
Stage of Reasoning
“do’s and don’ts”
|Stage 1: (Punishment and Obedience Orientation). Right is obedience to power and avoidance of punishment. (“I must follow the rules otherwise I will be punished”).
Stage 2: Instrumental Relativist Orientation. Right is taking responsibility and leaving others to be responsible for themselves. (“I must follow the rules for the reward and favor it gives”).
|Conventional||Stage 3: Good-Boy-Nice Girl Orientation. Right is being considerate: “uphold the values of other adolescents and adults” rules of society”. (“I must follow the rules so I will be accepted”)
Stage 4: Society-Maintaining Orientation. Right is being good, with the values and norms of family and society at large.(“I must follow rules so there is order in the society”).
|adolescence and adulthood|
|Postconventional||Stage 5: Social Contract Reorientation. Right is finding inner “universal rights” balance between self-rights and societal rules – a social contract.(“I must follow rules as there are reasonable laws for it”).
Stage 6: Universal Ethical Principle orientation. Right is based on a higher order of applying principles to all human-kind; being non-judgmental and respecting all human life. (“I must follow rules because my conscience tells me”).