Models of Health

Medical Model (M.B. Belloc & L. Breslo, 1972)

  • Health is the state of being free of signs or symptoms of disease. Illness is the presence of signs or symptoms of disease.

Health – Illness Continuum (McCann/Flynn & Heffron, 1984)

  • Health is a constantly changing state, with high level wellness and death being on opposite ends of a graduated scale or continuum.

Role – Performance Model (Parsons, 1958)

  • Health is the ability to perform all those roles from which one has been socialized.

High – Level Wellness (Dunn, 1961)

  • High-level wellness refers to functioning to one’s maximum potential while maintaining balance and purposeful direction in the environment.

World Health Organization Definition (WHO, 1947)

  • Health is the state of complete physical, mental, social well-being and not merely the absence of disease.

Needs – Fulfillment Model

  • Health is state in which needs are being sufficiently met to allow an individual to function successfully in life with the ability to achieve the highest possible potential.

Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN

Currently a Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer. Subjects handled are Pediatric, Obstetric and Psychiatric Nursing. Previous work experiences include: Clinical instructor/lecturer, clinical coordinator (Level II), caregiver instructor/lecturer, NC2 examination reviewer and staff/clinic nurse. Areas of specialization: Emergency room, Orthopedic Ward and Delivery Room. Also an IELTS passer.

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