Hallux Valgus (Bunion)

bunionA hallux valgus is a foot deformity, commonly called a bunion, is when there is medial deviation of the first metatarsal and lateral deviation of the great toe (hallux). The condition can lead to painful motion of the joint and shoe wear difficulty.

Though bunions are typically thought of as just a bump on the side of the foot near the big toe, they actually go deeper and reflect a change in the anatomy of the foot.

Bunions happen over time. What begins as the big toe pointing toward the second toe ends up as changes in the actual alignment of the bones in the foot.

Anyone can get bunions, but they are more common in women. People with flat feet are also more likely to get bunions because of the changes in the foot caused by bunions.

Adolescent bunion is another condition that tends to occur in 10-to-15-year old girls.

Signs and Symptoms:

Symptoms are often most noticeable when the bunion gets worse and with certain types of footwear. These include shoes that crowd the toes and/or high-heeled shoes. When symptoms do occur, they may include:

  1. Physical discomfort or pain
  2. A burning feeling
  3. Redness and swelling
  4. Possible numbness
  5. Difficulty walking


Hallux valgus is a common, painful orthopaedic foot and ankle deformity. Most hallux valgus deformities can be treated conservatively with appropriate shoewear modifications, orthotics, and bunion splints. Surgery is usually indicated for severe cases.

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bunion corrector

bunion before and after

Liane Clores, RN MAN

Currently an Intensive Care Unit nurse, pursuing a degree in Master of Arts in Nursing Major in Nursing Service Administration. Has been a contributor of Student Nurses Quarterly, Vox Populi, The Hillside Echo and the Voice of Nightingale publications. Other experience include: Medical-Surgical, Pediatric, Obstetric, Emergency and Recovery Room Nursing.

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