Physiologic alopecia may associated with hormonal changes such as childbirth, nutritional factors, or toxin exposure.
Also, chemotherapuetic agents cause some degree of alopecia. This is dependent on the drug dose, half-life of the drug and duration of therapy. Usually, alopecia begins 2 weeks after administration of chemotherapy. Hair regrowth takes about 3 to 5 months after the treatment.
- Patterned, patchy or diffuse hair loss
- Inflammation and scarring with some types
- Determine the underlying cause and treat it based on its etiology.
- Minoxidil may cause fine hair regrowth in male pattern baldness and alopecia areata. Finasteride, which is an oral agent, can be used by males only with good results..
- Various methods of hair replacement can be done. This includes surgical grafting of hair follicles, hair weaving or use of hair pieces.
- Explain that alopecia areata and physiologic hair loss are usually only temporary and self-limiting.
- For alopecia due to chemotherapy, assure the client that the hair will eventually grow back a few months after the treatment.
- Encourage the client to verbalize his/her fears and body-image concerns regarding alopecia, especially if the client is a teenager or a young adult.
- For females, encourage them to change their hairstyle or to wear head pieces or beautiful head scarfs until their hair grows back.
- Counsel male patients on the slow and limited effects of minoxidil and stress that when treatment is stopped, the effects are reversed.
- Encourage to eat a well-balanced diet, especially rich in protein and iron to promote hair growth.
- Promote hair growth by encouraging them to be gentle with their remaining hair and to always keep their scalp and hair clean.Photo credits: www.world-pharmacy-directory.com