Common Concerns during the Preschool Period
Moral and Spiritual Development of a Preschooler
Preschoolers determine right from wrong based on parental rules. Little understanding of the reason for these rules is expected from them. Because of this, these children of this age may have difficulty seeing that the rules they know may also apply to a new situation such as in hospitals.
Important considerations on the moral and spiritual development of a preschooler:
- Religious teachings and trainings provide an elemental concept of God to preschoolers.
- It is important to know that preschoolers tend to do good out of self-interest rather than because of a string spiritual motivation.
- Security of religious holidays, religious rituals such as prayer and grace before meals are activities that preschoolers enjoy as it offers them the same reassurance and security as a familiar nursery rhyme read over and over.
Promoting Preschooler Safety
Safety issues increases as children broaden their horizons. It is important that parents are aware that the frequency of accidents is increased when they are under stress. Special precautions must be taken at these times. It is also very important NOT to compare a child with the other. Generally, some children are more active, curious and impulsive and therefore more vulnerable to accidents than others. The following are safety guideline for preschoolers:
- Supervision is still needed to ensure that these children do not injure themselves or other children while rough-housing.
- Another reason for direct supervision is to ensure that preschoolers do not stay too far from home.
- Automobile safety should be repeatedly reminded to them. Teach safety with tricycles by telling them to look before crossing driveways and not to cross the streets.
- Helmets should be worn by children when riding tricycles.
- Children should be constantly reminded not to run behind cars that are backing up and to hold hands with grownup when walking.
- Parents or adults should never take medications in front of children as preschoolers imitate adult roles so well.
- Drawstrings from hooded clothing should be removed to prevent falls.
- Assist and help the child in judging safe distances for jumping or safe heights for clothing.
- Beginning swimming lessons can be started at this time.
- Strange dogs should not be allowed to approach near the children.
- Play with family pets should be supervised.
- Medications should never be presented as candy.
- Food or substances should be stored in their proper container and in places where a child cannot reach it.
- Local poison control center should be posted by the telephone.
- Children should be taught that medications are substances that should not be played.
- Matches should be stored in a closed container.
- Preschoolers should not be allowed to help lighting candles and fireplaces.
- Define a stranger to the child as someone a child does not know and not someone that is odd-looking.
- Parents should be aware of the preschooler’s whereabouts all the time.