Common Concerns during the Preschool Period

Socialization

The preschool period is a critical and sensitive time for socialization because it is at this stage that they are capable of sharing by playing with other children their age more agreeably. Principles governing a preschooler’s socialization are as follows:

  1. Children exposed to other playmates have an easier time learning to relate to people than those raised in an environment where they never see other children of the same age.
  2. 4-year old preschoolers still continue to enjoy playing with groups, however, they may b more involved in arguments that the previous year. It is important to know that the child is not regressing but is in fact moving forward which involves testing and identification of their group role.
  3. Best friendships starts to develop during 5 years of age as most kids walks to school with their friend or plays more time with the kid living nearest to their house.

Cognitive Development of Preschoolers

According to Jean Piaget, a preschooler’s cognitive development is still preoperational. Children at this age do have an intuitional thought which is described as the preschooler’s lack of insight to view themselves as others see them or put themselves in another’s place. Because of this mental substitution, children of this age feel that they are always right. This causes them to argue with forcefulness. Aside from that, preschoolers are not aware of the property of conservation. This means that if they see two balls of clay of equal size but one is squashed flatter and wider that the other, they will insist that the flatter one is bigger.

  1. Parents and nurses should keep in mind that preschoolers believe that they are 100% correct. Thus, these children cannot the other side of the situation. Patience is important in dealing with children of this age as you cannot make them hurry because you must have something done by a certain time.
  2. The inability of a preschooler to appreciate conservation should be taken into consideration when promoting care.

Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN

Currently a Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer. Subjects handled are Pediatric, Obstetric and Psychiatric Nursing. Previous work experiences include: Clinical instructor/lecturer, clinical coordinator (Level II), caregiver instructor/lecturer, NC2 examination reviewer and staff/clinic nurse. Areas of specialization: Emergency room, Orthopedic Ward and Delivery Room. Also an IELTS passer.

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