Hyperopia

Hyperopia is otherwise called far-sightedness. Compared to near-sightedness, an individual with hyperopia cannot see things that are within arm’s length. They can comfortable see things only when it is on a distance.

An individual with hyperopia may have it since birth. The images that the individual can see are those being reflected at the back of retina rather than being right through it. Children with this case may not present or complain symptoms of difficulty of seeing near objects due to the good elasticity of the lens but as they grow they will eventually have problems. There is also a familial tendency for an individual to acquire hyperopia. So it is better to assess the previous generations of the family in order to be prepared for such instances.

Signs and Symptoms:

  1. Eye pain
  2. Complaints of blurred vision on near objects
  3. Eye strain
  4. Crossed eyes apparent in children
  5. Frontal headache while reading at arm’s length
  6. Fatigue
  7. Difficulty on focusing on things that near

Medical Management:

  1. Prescription glasses must be given for those suffering from hyperopia. Only a licensed optometrist or ophthalmologist must prescribe such glasses since it is very crucial for a good visual acuity. Aside from that, wrong prescription of glasses may pose danger for individuals especially when it comes to estimating the distances of objects, depths as well as simply crossing the street. With corrective lenses, people can have good expectations from having their visions improved.
  2. Latest eye surgery has paved way to innovations in visual acuity of individuals with hyperopia. They can opt for this after a thorough assessment from a licensed eye surgeon.
  3. Consult an ophthalmologist if the symptoms mentioned above are present. An eye examination is the initial baseline in order to know the severity of the error of refraction.
  4. Since farsightedness can lead to glaucoma or lazy eye, it is therefore important to seek for a medical consultation if the symptoms were suddenly felt.
  5. For individuals that are not into wearing glasses or even contact lenses, they can opt for surgical intervention. A refractive surgery can come into two procedures. The first one is call photorefractive keratectomy. In this manner, a laser-aided machine is used to flatten the cornea so that the lens can focus properly. Another procedure called, LASIK surgery involves laser also however, and the focus of this is to cut a portion on top of the cornea. The laser scrapes a part of the cornea and then flapped it in order to change the focus of the lenses.
  6. Aside from eye surgery, another invasive procedure was discovered. At this time, a plastic corneal ring is implanted on the cornea. This implantation is permanent is wished. But when the lenses were changed, they can easily be removed and add the necessary adjustments.

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Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN

Currently a Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer. Subjects handled are Pediatric, Obstetric and Psychiatric Nursing. Previous work experiences include: Clinical instructor/lecturer, clinical coordinator (Level II), caregiver instructor/lecturer, NC2 examination reviewer and staff/clinic nurse. Areas of specialization: Emergency room, Orthopedic Ward and Delivery Room. Also an IELTS passer.

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