Nutrients Needed for Wound Healing

L – Lean on Proteins.

One of the most important nutrients for wound healing to occur is the presence of protein. Listed below are some of the essential process which protein takes a vital part for it to be made possible.

  • Wound repair
  • Production of clotting factors
  • Production of white blood cell or leukocytes
  • Phagocytosis that is cell-mediated in nature
  • Production of fibroblast
  • Synthesis of collagen
  • Proliferation of the epithelial cells
  • Wound remodeling

The extensive function of protein the restoration of function of a damaged part not only limits it participation at the initial stages but throughout the process of healing until restructuring. Thus, it is very important to educate clients on increase intake of foods rich in protein such as meat, fish, dairy product, eggs, nuts, legumes and cereals. A deficiency of this nutrient would result to poor healing of the wound, edema and impaired cellular immunity.

I – Increase your daily intake of vitamin A.

This vitamin is essential for the promotion of good health in the skin, growth of hair, nails, bones and glands. And one more important thing about an intake of sufficient Vitamin A is the fact that it actually helps prevent infection and is a component for collagen synthesis to occur. Food sources of Vitamin A are dairy products, liver, green, yellow and orange fruits and vegetables. A deficiency of this nutrient would result to poor wound healing.

N – Never forget your Vitamin K!

Vitamin K can be obtained from intake of foods such as green vegetables and intestinal synthesis. This vitamin is necessary for blood clotting or coagulation to take place. A deficiency of this nutrient would result to a higher risk of hemorrhage and hematoma.

G – Gear up with Zinc and Iron.

Iron is a component of hemoglobin and enzymes that is necessary for collagen synthesis in wound repair and enhances the leukocytic bacterial activity to prevent infection on the damaged tissue. Food sources of iron are the following: red meat, organ meat, egg yolk, legumes and enriched cereals. A scarcity of this iron in the body of a person with wound would result to impaired tensile strength of the restructured damaged part and a compromised cross-linkage of collagen. Worst than that, systemic effect of low iron levels in the body would result to anemia.

Zinc, on the other hand, is a component of enzymes in the body and is required present for growth factor to be made available for the body’s use. As a co-factor for enzymes in the body, wound healing will never be completed without this nutrient. Aside from that, zinc also is a component for cell proliferation to take place. Thus, intake of foods rich in zinc is essential in wound healing. Meat, fish, poultry, whole grain cereals and breads are some sources of this nutrient. A deficiency of this vitamin would result to a slower wound healing.

Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN

Currently a Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer. Subjects handled are Pediatric, Obstetric and Psychiatric Nursing. Previous work experiences include: Clinical instructor/lecturer, clinical coordinator (Level II), caregiver instructor/lecturer, NC2 examination reviewer and staff/clinic nurse. Areas of specialization: Emergency room, Orthopedic Ward and Delivery Room. Also an IELTS passer.

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