Nursing Care Plan – Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is characterized by an inflammatory response that results in random or patchy areas of plague in the white matter of the central nervous system . The myelin sheath is damaged and its thickness is reduced. Myelin is responsible for the electrochemical transmission of impulses between the brain and the spinal cord and the rest of the body. Impulses are still transmitted but are not as effective as before; over time they may be completely blocked. The areas particularly affected include optic nerves, pyramidal tracts, posterior columns, brainstem nuclei and the periventricular region of the brain.