Nursing Care Plan – Hypertension

hypertension2 Hypertension refers to a state where a person’s blood pressure remains at an elevated level at all times. This condition is formally known as arterial hypertension and is popularly called high blood pressure.

Two types of hypertension:

  1. Primary Hypertension – when a patient’s chronically elevated blood pressure does not have a specific medical cause that can be identified
  2. Secondary Hypertension – When high blood pressure is caused by other health conditions like tumors of the adrenal gland, kidney disease of other problems.

Hypertension is a dangerous condition because it can lead to serious complications. Chronically elevated blood pressure increases the risk of developing heart failure, heart attacks, arterial aneurysm and strokes. Many cases of chronic renal failure have been linked to high blood pressure.

Signs and Symptoms:

hypertension Undiagnosed high blood pressure can lead to many physical problems including damage to major organs over a period of time. The symptoms of hypertension, if ignored, can lead to deterioration in kidney / liver function and cardiac problems. Hypertension can also damage vision, cause strokes and more.

Here are some of the common hypertension symptoms to be aware of.

  • Recurrent / persistent headaches
  • Vision problems including blurring of vision
  • Giddiness
  • Convulsions
  • Tremors in the hands or other body parts
  • Walking difficulties (formally called ataxia)

More information about Hypertension Nursing Care Plan Hypertension


Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN

Currently a Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer. Subjects handled are Pediatric, Obstetric and Psychiatric Nursing. Previous work experiences include: Clinical instructor/lecturer, clinical coordinator (Level II), caregiver instructor/lecturer, NC2 examination reviewer and staff/clinic nurse. Areas of specialization: Emergency room, Orthopedic Ward and Delivery Room. Also an IELTS passer.

What Do You Think?