Nursing Board Exam Reviewer Part 1 of 5
31. Establishing financial security has been identified as a developmental task of which of the following groups?
a) Middle adult
The middle adult’s tasks also include launching children, and refocusing on one’s marital relationship.
b) Older adult
The older adult’s tasks include adapting to retirement and declining physical stamina.
c) Young adult
The young adult’s tasks include establishing a lifestyle and independence.
The teenager’s primary developmental tasks include developing an identity and intimacy.
32. When up to a 6-month period elapses between the experience of trauma and the onset of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the episode is termed
In the case of delayed PTSD, there may be up to a 6-month period of time that elapses between the trauma and the manifestation of symptoms.
Acute PTSD is defined as the experience of symptoms for less than a 3-month period.
Chronic PTSD is defined as the experience of symptoms lasting longer than 3 months.
The concept of primary disease is not used in relation to PTSD.
33. Which of the following statements accurately describes a risk factor for depression?
a) History of physical or sexual abuse
History of physical or sexual abuse and current substance abuse are risk factors for depression.
b) Male gender
A risk factor for depression is female gender.
c) Age over 50 years
A risk factor for depression is onset before 40 years.
d) Negative family history of depression
Family history of depression is a risk factor.
34. Of the following stages of grieving as described by Kubler-Ross, which is the initial?
The stages include: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance.
Anger is the second stage of the process.
Bargaining is the third stage of the process.
Depression is the fourth stage of the process.
35. Which of the following terms refers to Leininger’s description of the learned and transmitted knowledge about values, beliefs, rules of behavior, and lifestyle practices that guide a designated group in their thinking and actions in patterned ways?
Leininger was the founder of the specialty called transcultural nursing and advocated culturally competent nursing care.
Minority refers to a group of people whose physical or cultural characteristics differ from the majority of people in a society.
Race refers to a group of people distinguished by genetically transmitted characteristics.
Subculture refers to a group that functions within a culture.
36. The inability of a person to recognize his or her own values, beliefs, and practices and those of others because of strong ethnocentric tendencies is termed
a) cultural blindness.
Cultural blindness results in bias and stereotyping.
Acculturation is the process by which members of a culture adapt or learn how to take on the behaviors of another group.
c) cultural imposition.
Cultural imposition is the tendency to impose one’s cultural beliefs, values, and patterns of behavior on a person from a different culture.
d) cultural taboo.
Cultural taboos are those activities governed by rules of behavior that are avoided, forbidden, or prohibited by a particular cultural group.
37. Which of the following groups of individuals may stare at the floor during conversations as a sign of respect?
a) Native Americans
Some Native Americans stare at the floor during conversations, conveying respect and indicating that the listener is paying close attention to the speaker.
The Indo-Chinese may consider direct eye contact impolite or aggressive.
Arabs may consider direct eye contact impolite or aggressive.
Asians may consider direct eye contact impolite or aggressive.
38. For which of the following religious groups is all meat prohibited?
Hinduism prohibits consumption of all meats and animal shortening.
b) Seventh-Day Adventism
Seventh-Day Adventism prohibits consumption of pork.
Judaism prohibits consumption of pork.
Islam prohibits the consumption of pork and animal shortening.
39. The paradigm that explains the cause of illness as an imbalance in the forces of nature is the
a) holistic perspective.
The naturalist or holistic perspective believes that health exists when all aspects of a persona are in perfect balance or harmony.
b) magico-religious view.
The magico-religious view holds that illness is caused by forces of evil.
c) biomedical view.
The biomedical view holds life events as cause and effect and incorporates the bacterial or viral explanation of communicable disease.
d) scientific view.
The scientific view holds life events as cause and effect and incorporates the bacterial or viral explanation of communicable disease.
40. The aim of genomic medicine is
a) improving predictions about individuals’ susceptibility to diseases
Predictions regarding the time of their onset, their extent and eventual severity as well as which treatments or medications are likely to be most effective or harmful are the focus of genomic medicine.
The focus of genomic medicine is broader than the reproduction of cells.
c) cure of disease
The focus of genomic medicine is broader than the cure of disease.
Genomic medicine is gene-based health care.