What’s new in Healthcare: Robotic Surgery
Through the years, various innovations have been incorporated in healthcare in order to advance and contribute to more efficient and quality healthcare. With growing demands in patient care, it is important for those in the healthcare profession to find ways to cope and address such demands. One innovation which have been deemed as beneficial is robotic surgery.
We often hear about surgeries and operations, but not every day do we hear about robotic surgery, there may even be some who may not have even heard about such before. Robotic surgery, which is also known as Robot-assisted surgery, Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery, and Laparoscopic surgery with robotic assistance, is one method of performing surgery with very small tools attached to a robotic arm being used. The surgeon then controls the robotic arm’s movements with a computer.
During this procedure, the patient is given general anesthesia. The surgeon then makes small cuts in order to facilitate insertion of the instruments into the patient’s body. A thin tube with a camera attached to the end of it called the endoscope allows the surgeon to view enlarged 3-D images of the body while the surgery is taking place. The robot moves as it matches the doctor’s hand movements to perform the procedure using the tiny instruments.
This procedure is very much alike laparoscopic surgery as it can be performed through smaller cuts than open surgery. Also, the small, precise movements that are possible with this type of surgery give it some advantages over standard endoscopic techniques. However, once the robotic arm is positioned in the abdomen, it is easier for the surgeon to use the surgical tools than with laparoscopic surgery through an endoscope. Furthermore, robotic surgery can take longer to perform most likely because of the amount of time needed to set up the robot.
Though robotic surgery can be performed for cases such as Coronary artery bypass, Cutting away cancer tissue from sensitive parts of the body such as blood vessels, nerves, or important body organs, Gallbladder removal, Hip replacement, Hysterectomy, Kidney removal, Kidney transplant, Mitral valve repair, Pyeloplasty, Pyloroplasty, Radical prostatectomy, and Tubal ligation, it cannot be used for some complex procedures and may not be available to some hospitals.
On the brighter side, robotic surgery offers several benefits such as faster recovery, less pain and bleeding, less risk of infection, shorter hospital stay, smaller scars and may even offer the potential for surgeons to operate on patients remotely, which would decrease the costs of travel and other barriers towards receiving specialized care.