Stroke in Young: Its Causes and How We Prevent Them

When we hear stroke, we think of an adult man who may have been under a serious illness, or have been sedentary, who have a lot of vices and who cares no more than what he eats. We never think of children having one, but research has shows that stroke could also happen to the young, school age or teenagers, they can be stroke victims.

Usually, stroke can be traced to a miscellany of causes. For the younger population, some of these might predispose the condition:

  • Frequently, conditions like hypertension (which is already prevalent among youth), diabetes, smoking (rampant among teenagers) and obesity (becoming common among children) would predispose to stroke.

On the other hand, certain diseases or underlying conditions could lead and can be attributed to the unwanted stroke. These are some of the following:

  • atherothrombotic infarctions
    • heavy alcohol consumption
    • hypercholesterolemia
    • large artery atherosclerosis
    • arterial hypertension
    • smoking
    • left ventricle hypertrophy
    • cerebral infarction
      • arterial dissection
      • moyamoya syndrome
      • vasculitis
      • systemic lupus erythematosus
      • sickle cell anemia
      • protein S deficiency
      • protein C deficiency
      • primary antiphospholipid syndrome
      • migraine
      • use of oral contraceptive pills
      • cardioembolism
        • mitral valve prolapsed
        • double mitral lesion
        • segmental hypokinesia
        • aseptic endocarditis
        • recent myocardial infarction
        • dilated cardiomyopathy
        • apical aneurysm
        • synthetic valve prosthesis
        • small vessel occlusion
          • hypertension
          • left ventricular hypertrophy
          • diabetes mellitus

It is alarming that for a young age, they will be suffering from such, and their families will be of burden taking care of them. It is just recommended that the health departments should be in act to prevent such malady.

  1. Parents should be keen in monitoring their children, especially what they consume and what they do.
  2. Hypertension and diabetes poses a big risk in developing stroke. It is encouraged that the food intake be monitored. This encompasses both the quality and the quantity of the food they are taking. The intake should be adequate for their age without compromising the intended nutrients from various food groups. It is important that we control the sugar, fat and salt intake and balance it with fruits and vegetables.
  3. Regular exercise would condition the body and promote wellness. This prevents sedentary lifestyle which could eventually predispose hypertension. It also keeps the body fit and away from obesity. Regular weight check is essential.
  4. Proper guidance towards smoking and alcohol consumption is critical. Children, especially teen are very curious of these things, thus guidance is fitting. The family and the community should educate these children so as not to mislead them along the way.

Byron Webb Romero, RN, MSN

Finished BSN at Lyceum of the Philippines University, and Master of Science in Nursing Major in Adult Health Nursing at the University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center. Currently working at Manila Doctors College of Nursing as a Team Leader for Level I and II, Lecturer for Professional Nursing Subjects, and also a Clinical Instructor.

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