Scope/Coverage of Nursing Board Exam November 2008



Theories, concepts, principles and processes basic to the practice of nursing with emphasis on health promotion and health maintenance. It includes basic nursing skills in the care of clients across age groups in any setting.

Moreover, it encompasses the varied roles, functions and responsibilities of the professional nurse in varied health care settings.


I. Personal and Professional Growth and Development

A. Historical Perspective in Nursing

B. Nursing as a Profession

C. Theoretical Foundation of Nursing Applied in Health Care Situations

D. Continuing Professional Education

E. Professional Organizations in Nursing.

F. The Nurse in Health Care

1. Eleven Key Areas of Responsibility

2. Fields of Nursing

3. Roles and Functions

II. Safe and Quality Care

A. The Nursing Process

B. Basic Nursing Skills

1. Vital Signs

2. Physical Examination and Health Assessment

3. Administration of Medications

4. Asepsis and Infection Control

5. First Aid Measures

6. Wound Care

7. Perioperative Care

8. Post-operative Care

9. Post-mortem Care

C. Measures to meet physiological needs

1. Oxygenation

2. Nutrition

3. Activity, Rest and Sleep

4. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

5. Urinary Elimination

6. Bowel Elimination

7. Safety, Comfort and Hygiene

8. Mobility and Immobility

III. Health Education

A. Teaching and Learning Principles in the Care of Client

B. Health Education in All Levels of Care

C. Discharge Planning

IV. Ethico-Moral Responsibility

A. Bioethical Principles

1. Beneficence

2. Non-malefescence

3. Justice

4. Autonomy

5. Stewardship

6. Truth Telling

7. Confidentiality

8. Privacy

9. Informed Consent

B. Patient’s Bill of Rights

C. Code of Ethics in Nursing

V. Legal Responsibility

A. Legal Aspects in the Practice of Nursing

B. The Philippine Nursing Law of 2002 (R.A 9173)

C. Related Law Affecting the Practice of Nursing

VI. Management of Environment and Resources

A. Theories and Principles of Management

B. Nursing Administration and Management

C. Theories, Principles and Styles of Leadership

D. Concepts and Principles of Organization

E. Patient Care Classification

F. Nursing Care Systems

G. Delegation and Accountability

VII. Records Management

A. Anecdotal Report

B. Incident Report

C. Memorandum

D. Hospital Manual

E. Documentation

F. Endorsement and End of Shift Report

G. Referral

VIII. Quality Improvement

A. Standards of Nursing Practice

B. Nursing Audit

C. Accreditation/Certification in Nursing Practice

D. Quality Assurance

IX. Research

A. Problem Identification

B. Ethics and Science of Research

C. The Scientific Approach

D. Research Process

E. Research Designs and Methodology

1. Qualitative

2. Quantitative

F. Utilization and Dissemination of Research Findings

X. Communication

A. Dynamics of Communication

B. Nurse-Client Relationship

C. Professional-Professional Relationship

D. Therapeutic Use of Self

E. Use of Information Technology

XI. Collaboration and Teamwork

A. Networking

B. Inter-agency Partnership

C. Teamwork Strategies

D. Nursing and Partnership with Other Profession and Agencies



Theories, concepts, principle and processes in the care of individuals, families, groups and communities to promote health and prevent illness, and alleviate pain and discomfort, utilizing the nursing process as framework. This includes care of high risk and at-risk mothers, children and families during the various stages of life cycle.


Part I: CHN

I. Safe and Quality Care, Health Education and Communication, Collaboration and Team work

A. Principles and Standards of CHN

B. Levels of Care

C. Types of Clientele

D. Health Care Delivery System

E. PHC as a Strategy

F. Family-based Nursing Services ( Family Health Nursing Process)

G. Population Group-based Nursing Services

H. Community-based Nursing Services/ Community Health Nursing Process

I. Community Organizing

J. Public Health Programs

II. Research and Quality Improvement

A. Research in the Community

B. National Health Situation

C. Vital Statistics

D. Epidemiology

E. Demography

III. Management of Resources and Environment and Records Management

A. Field Health Services and Information System

B. Target-setting

C. Environmental Sanitation

IV. Ethico-Moral-Legal Responsibility

A. Socio-cultural Values, Beliefs and Practices of Individuals, Families, Groups and Communities

B. Code of Ethics for Government Workers

C. WHO, DOH, LGU Policies on Health

D. Local Government Code

E. Issues

V. Personal and Professional Development

A. Self-assessment of CHN Competencies, Importance, Methods, Tools

B. Strategies and Methods of Updating One’s Self, Enhancing Competence in Community Health Nursing and Related Areas.

VI. Part II: MCN

VII. Safe and Quality Care, Health Education, and Communication, Collaboration and Teamwork

A. Principles and Theories of Growth and Development

B. Nursing Care in the Different stages of Growth and Development including

1. Nutrition

2. Safety

3. Language Development

4. Discipline

5. Play

6. Immunization

7. Anticipatory guidance

8. Values formation

C. Human Sexuality and Reproduction including Family Planning

D. Nursing Care of Women during Normal Labor, Delivery and Postpartum

E. Nursing Care of the Newborn

1. APGAR Scoring

2. Newborn Scoring

3. Maintenance of Body Processes (oxygenation, temperature)

F. Nursing Care of Women with Complications of Pregnancy, Labor, Delivery and Postpartum Period (High-risk conditions)

G. Nursing Care of High-risk Newborn

1. Prematurity

2. Congenital defects

3. Infections

H. Nursing Care of Women with Disturbances in Reproduction and Gynecology

VIII. Research and Quality Improvement

A. Fertility Statistics

B. Infant Morbidity and Mortality

C. Maternal Mortality

D. Standards of Maternal and Child Nursing Practice

IX. Ethico-Moral-Legal Responsibility

A. Socio-Cultural Values, Belief, and Practices of Individuals, Families related to MCN.

B. WHO, DOH, LGU Policies on Health of Women and Children

C. Family Code

D. Child and Youth Welfare Code

E. Issues related to MCN

X. Personal and Professional Development

A. Self-assessment of MCN Competencies, Importance, Methods, Tools

B. Strategies and Methods of Updating One’s self, Enhancing Competence in MCN and Related Areas.



Theories, concepts, principles and processes in the care of clients with altred health patterns, utilizing the nursing process and integrating the key areas of nursing competencies.


I. Safe & Quality Care, Health Education, Management of Environment & Resources, and Quality Improvement.


1. Client in Pain

2. Peri-operative Care

3. Alterations in Human Functioning

a Disturbance in Oxygenation

b Disturbance in Metabolic and Endocrine Functioning

c Disturbance in Elimination


1. Alterations in Human Functioning

a Disturbances in Fluids and Electrolytes

b Inflammatory and Infectious Disturbances

c Disturbances in Immunologic functioning

d Disturbances in Cellular functioning

2. Client Biologic Crisis

3. Emergency and Disaster Nursing


1. Disturbances in Perception and Coordination

a Neurologic Disorders

b Sensory Disorders

c Musculo-skeletal Disorders

d Degenerative Disorders

2. Maladaptive Patterns of Behavior

a Anxiety Response and Anxiety Related Disorders

b Psycho-physiologic Responses, Somatoform, and Sleep Disorders

c Abuse and Violence

d Emotional Responses and Mood Disorders

e Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic and Mood Disorders

f Social Responses and Personality Disorders

g Substance related Disorders

h Eating Disorders

i Sexual Disorders

j Emotional Disorders of Infants, Children and Adolescents.

II. Personal and Professional Development

A. Nurse-Client Relationship

B. Continuing Education

III. Communication, Collaboration and Teamwork

A. Team approach

B. Referral

C. Network/linkage

D. Therapeutic communication

IV. Ethico-Moral-Legal Responsibility

A. confidentiality

B. Client’s Rights

1. Informed Consent

2. Refusal to take medications, Treatment and Admission Procedures

C. Nursing Accountability

D. Documentation/charting

E. Culture Sensitivity

Source: Board Of Nursing Philippines

Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN

Currently a Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer. Subjects handled are Pediatric, Obstetric and Psychiatric Nursing. Previous work experiences include: Clinical instructor/lecturer, clinical coordinator (Level II), caregiver instructor/lecturer, NC2 examination reviewer and staff/clinic nurse. Areas of specialization: Emergency room, Orthopedic Ward and Delivery Room. Also an IELTS passer.

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