Staphylococcus Albus / Staphylococcus Epidermidis

Staphylococcus albus / Staphylococcus epidermidis

  • gram-positive, coagulase-negative cocci that is a part of the skin’s normal flora
  • resident bacteria usually present on human skin that can cause opportunistic infections
  • occur singly, in pairs, or in short chains and have a strong tendency to form clusters
  • grow rapidly on blood agar and other laboratory media; not hemolytic on blood-agar plates
  • on solid culture, the bacterial colonies are often white or cream colored
  • associated with  indwelling catheters and immunocompromised persons
  • generally resistant to multiple antibiotics; an essential cause of serious nosocomial infections among patients

Symptomatology

  • Blood stream infection
  • Endocarditis
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt infection
  • Peritoneal dialysis catheter infection
  • Urinary tract infections, especially with indwelling urinary catheters resulting to urinary tract complications
  • Prosthetic joints infections
  • Infection of vascular grafts
  • Infection among newborns
  • Eye infection after an eye surgery
  • Infection of pacemakers  or implantable cardioverter-defibrillators
  • Infection of breast implants

Medical Management:

  • highly resistant to most antibiotics
  • drug of choice is vancomycin or rifampin
  • newer dugs: gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin
  • removal of implanted device

Photo credits: www.rosacea-control.com

Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN

Currently a Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer. Subjects handled are Pediatric, Obstetric and Psychiatric Nursing. Previous work experiences include: Clinical instructor/lecturer, clinical coordinator (Level II), caregiver instructor/lecturer, NC2 examination reviewer and staff/clinic nurse. Areas of specialization: Emergency room, Orthopedic Ward and Delivery Room. Also an IELTS passer.

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