Chlamydia Psittaci is acquired from contact with infected birds and other domestic fowls. Contact with infected birds includes its handling and inhaling its dried excreta. The infection can also be transmitted through bite wounds done by the infected bird. The infection enters the body through the skin and the nose and then resides in the lungs of an individual. Its incubation period usually lasts in 10 days. The infection is common to those who are pigeon breeders, farmers, and employees of poultry processing plants and flock owners.
C. Psittaci causes Psittacosis, which is an acute generalized infectious disease usually characterized by headache, fever, non productive cough, pus in the sputum, severe anorexia, constipation, slow pulse rate , and lethargy. Psittacosis causes a patchy inflammation in the lungs. There are presences of lesions which are found only in pneumonitis. Enlargement and congestion of the liver, spleen, heart and the kidneys are often the possible complication of the disease.
Laboratory diagnosis of this infection includes the culture of the infection. The detection of the organism using the immunoassays is preferred. Immunity in human beings is incomplete. Infected humans after recovering from the disease can become carrier for 10 years. The infection could still persist in the sputum of the carrier.
There is no specific treatment indicated for such viral infection but only the treatment of the symptoms experienced by the client. There are those who use azithromycin, clarithromycin and erythromycin clears most of the C. Psittaci infections but not completely all. There is an apparent improvement among those who took these drugs as compared to those who did not. As a form of prophylaxis, tetracylines are given to domestic birds and poultries.
Since theclient is taking in antibiotics such as Azithromycin, the nurse should make sure that the client observes compliance to the drug therapy and the ten rights of drug administration is observed when giving the drug to the client. Basing from the symptoms manifested by the client, strict bed rest should be observed and chest formentation should be given in mornings and evenings. The bird owners and those owning poultry farms should submit their flocks for prophlaxis treatment of tetracyclines.
Photo credits: www.abcpestcontrol.co.uk