1. Make sure the airway is clear.
  2. Do this by looking into the mouth and throat and removing any obstructing substance, solid of liquid.
  3. Watch the patient’s chest and test the air in front of his nose and mouth with your fingers for any signs of breath.
  4. Check wrist for a pulse
  5. If the victim is not breathing as a result of drowning, electric shock, chemical fumes or any other cause but his heart is still beating, apply mouth to mouth breathing.
    1. Lay the victim on his back. Wipe any foreign matter out of his mouth with your fingers. Place one hand under his neck. Lift up on neck and partially tilt the head back.
    2. Pull his chin upward.
    3. Place your mouth firmly over the victims open mouth, pinch his nostrils shut, and blow hard enough to make his chest rise. If the victim is a small child, place your mouth cover his nose and mouth when blowing.
    4. Remove your mouth and listen for the sound of exhaled air. Repeat the blowing effect. If there is no air exchange, recheck the victims head and jaw position. His tongue or something else, maybe blocking the air passage. Try again.
    5. If you still get no air exchange, turn the victims on his side and slap him sharply several times between the shoulder blades in order to dislodge any foreign matter from the throat. 

If the victim is child hang him momentarily head downward over your arm or lap and slap him sharply between the shoulder blades. Wipe his mouth clear.

    1. Resume mouth to mouth breathing. For adults, blow one vigorous breath every five seconds. 

For small children, blow shallow breaths every three seconds. 

    1. Repeat the procedure until the victim begins to breath.
    2. Place blankets or coats under over the victim for warmth, when he revives, keep him comfortable and don’t let him up get for at least an hour.

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