Category: Student’s Reviewer

Pre-Board Exam for May 2014 NLE [SATA]

Pre-Board Exam for May 2014 NLE [SATA]

This Pre-Board Nursing Exam contains 100 Select All That Apply [SATA] questions. Both questions and answers were arranged randomly. Topics that are included were: Foundation of Nursing, Nursing Research, Professional...

fdar charting

Embracing changes: FDAR Charting

As the world moves around us, and some changes have began to emerge, certain steps must be taken in order to cope with these changes. Nursing isn’t an exception. In the pursuit of providing the best and quality health care as possible, nurses must be able to learn to adapt to changes and develop some ways in order to address it. Nurses must not only stick to what they already know, but try to be flexible and responsive for the sake of trying to meet the needs of the patients.

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central-venous-catheter

How to measure CVP (Central Venous Pressure)

How to measure CVP (Central Venous Pressure)

It can be measured using an indwelling central venous catheter and either manually using a pressure manometer or electronically using a transducer. Usually, the manometer is used especially in wards. But in both ways, it must be ‘zeroed’ at the level of the right atrium. You may do this by taking it at level of the 4th intercostal space in the mid-axillary line while the patient is lying supine, each time at the same zero position.

ABG Interpretation

What Nurses Need to Know about ABG Interpretation

ABG’s: What about them?

Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis and interpretation can give you a view about a patient’s oxygenation, acid-base balance, pulmonary function, and metabolic status as by interpreting such, you may be able to assess and monitor critically ill patients in the clinical area, especially in the ICU and other critical care settings.

Usually, ABG’s are ordered for patients with the following cases: Respiratory compromise, which may then lead to hypoxia or diminished ventilation, those with Peri/postcardiopulmonary arrest or collapse; patients with medical conditions that cause significant metabolic derangement (sepsis, diabetic ketoacidosis, renal failure, heart failure, toxic substance ingestion, drug overdose, trauma, or burns); to evaluate the efficiency of therapies, and monitor the patient’s clinical status, as well as to determine treatment needs of the patient. An example of this scenario is a physician, titrating oxygenation therapy such as adjusting the level of ventilator support (FiO2, BUR, TV and PF), and make decisions about fluid and electrolyte therapy basing on ABG results. ABGs may also be indicated during the perioperative phase of major surgeries (preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care of the patient).