Category: Medical Surgical Nursing

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Types of Cast and Indications

Cast Is a temporary immobilization. Types: Plaster Fiber glass Function To promote healing and early weight bearing. To support, maintain and protect realigned bone. To prevent or correct deformity To...

Balloon Valvuplasty

Balloon Valvuplasty

Balloon valvuplasty also called balloon valvutomy is an alternative management to valve replacement procedure. It is a less invasive procedure that opens or dilates a stenosed (narrowed) valve of the...

Fractures of Extremity

Fractures of Extremity

Etiology and Pathophysiology Breaks in the continuity of bone, usually accompanied by localized tissue response and muscle spasm. Cause usually trauma, but pathologic fractures may occur as a result of...

hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disorder caused by a reduction or absent of thyroid hormones. Dysfunction in the thyroid gland itself causes primary hypothyroidism. Central hypothyroidism is due to malfunction of...

Hip Fracture

Fracture Of The Hips

Etiology And Pathophysiology Fractures of the head or neck of the femur (intracapsular fracture) or trochanteric area (extracapsular fracture). Incidence highest in elderly females because of osteoporosis and degenerative joint...

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma Type of bone cancer that develops in the cells (forms the outer covering of the bone). Most common and fatal in children and males between 10-25 years old. 5%...

Scoliosis

Scoliosis

Scoliosis A lateral curvature of the spine, may be found in thoracic, lumbar, or thoracolumbar spinal segment. The curve may be convex to the right (more common in lumbar curves)...

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis The most common form of arthritis. It causes the deterioration of the joint cartilage and formation of reactive new bone at the margins and subchondral areas of the joint....