Author: Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN

Kleihauer-Betke Test

Kleihauer-Betke Test

The Kleihauer-Betke (KB) test is a blood test that measures the amount of fetal hemoglobin transferred from a fetus to the mother’s bloodstream. It is usually done for the purpose of determining the RhoGam dose. This test is used to predict certain types of pregnancy complications, particularly after a mother has suffered a traumatic injury. Kleihauer-Betke Test is usually performed on Rhesus-negative mothers to determine the required dose of Rho (D) Immnuglobulin (RhIg) to inhibit the formation of Rh antibodies in the mother and prevent Rh disease in future Rh-positive children.



Red Blood Cells (RBC’s) also called erythrocytes, are oxygen carrying cells. It is derived from the Greek words “erythros” meaning “red,” “kytos” meaning “hollow” and “cyte” translated as “cell” in modern language. These cells are anuclaeted (without nucleus) and contain hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the iron-containing component of the RBC and is responsible for oxygen transport.

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Nurse Anesthetists

Nurse Anesthetists at a Glance

Gone were the days when nurses used to rely on doctors’ orders alone, the nurses of today do not only perform simple tasks in clinical area, instead, their roles have...

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$1000 Writing Contest for Nurses

Degree Story is hosting an awesome writing contest for nurses. They are looking for stories from nurses with every level of experience, including nursing school. Simply answer the question: What’s...

oncology nurse

Oncology Nurse

Future as an Oncology Nurse

As an oncology nurse, the settings of the work may be in a large hospital with a unit concentrated in oncology. Some opted for private practice or even travelling along with cancer patients. Some also may work on National Cancer Institute. The average pay for an oncology nurse may rise between $40,000 to $125,000 especially for those who have advanced knowledge about oncology.

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Reduction Mammoplasty

Reduction Mammoplasty Procedure Overview

1. The incisions are marked, usually circumscribing the areola, which is usually left attached to underlying tissue as a pedicle graft, or removed when indicated.
2. Flaps are developed that excise a wedge of excessive skin and adipose tissue inferiorly.
3. A Freeman areolar marker may be used.
4. The breast is reconstructed by approximating the medial and lateral breast tissue with skin flaps inferior to the nipple site, and transversely in the inframammary fold, which creates an inverted T.
5. A bulky dressing is applied and a surgical bra may be used.

Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)

Syndrome Of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)

Syndrome Of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone

Is a condition that results from failure in the negative feedback mechanism that regulates inhibition and secretion of ADH. It produces excess ADH, resulting hypothermia and hypoosmolality of serum. The kidneys respond by reabsorbing water in the tubules and excreting sodium; thus the patient becomes severely water intoxicated. SIADH is most commonly caused by ectopic production of ADH by malignant tumors. It can be result of CNS disorders, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome, meningitis, brain tumors, and head trauma. Pulmonary-related conditions, such as pneumonia, and positive pressure ventilation can cause SIADH. Pharmacologic agents such as general anesthetics, thiazine diuretics, oral hypoglycemics, chemotherapeutic agents, and analgesics are also associated with SIADH release.



Cardiomyopathy is a dysfunction of cardiac muscle that can be associated with coronary artery disease, hypertension, cardiotoxic agents, valvular disorders, and vascular or pulmonary diseases. Cardiomyopathies are classified into three groups by etiology and the abnormal physiology of the left ventricle.

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