Roles & Responsibilities of a Nurse
1. Caregiver/ Care provider – the traditional and most essential role
- functions as nurturer, comforter, provider
- “mothering actions” of the nurse
- provides direct care and promotes comfort of client
- activities involves knowledge and sensitivity to what matters and what is important to clients
- shows concern for client welfare and acceptance of the client as a person
2. Teacher – provides information and helps the client to learn or acquire new knowledge and technical skills
- encourages compliance with prescribed therapy.
- promotes healthy lifestyle
- interprets information to the client
3. Counselor- helps client to recognize and cope with stressful psychologic or social problems; to develop an improve interpersonal relationships and to promote personal growth
- provides emotional, intellectual to and psychologic support
- focuses on helping a client to develop new attitudes, feelings and behaviors rather than promoting intellectual growth.
- encourages the client to look at alternative behaviors recognize the choices and develop a sense of control.
4. Change agent- initiate changes or assist clients to make modifications in themselves or in the system of care.
5. Client advocate- involves concern for and actions in behalf of the client to bring about a change.
- promotes what is best for the client, ensuring that the client’s needs are met and protecting the client’s right.
- provides explanation in clients language and support clients decisions.
6. Manager – makes decisions, coordinates activities of others, allocate resources, evaluate care and personnel
- plans, give direction, develop staff, monitors operations, give the rewards fairly and represents both staff and administrations as needed .
7. Researcher – participates in identifying significant researchable problems
- participates in scientific investigation and must be a consumer of research findings
- must be aware of the research process, language of research, a sensitive to issues related to protecting the rights of human subjects.
Expanded role of the nurse:
1 Clinical Specialists- is a nurse who has completed a master’s degree in specialty and has considerable clinical expertise in that specialty. She provides expert care to individuals, participates in educating health care professionals and ancillary, acts as a clinical consultant and participates in research.
2. Nurse Practitioner- is a nurse who has completed either as certificate program or a master’s degree in a specialty and is also certified by the appropriate specialty organization. She is skilled at making nursing assessments, performing P. E., counseling, teaching and treating minor and self- limiting illness.
3. Nurse-midwife- a nurse who has completed a program in midwifery; provides prenatal and postnatal care and delivers babies to woman with uncomplicated pregnancies.
4. Nurse anesthetist- a nurse who completed the course of study in an anesthesia school and carries out pre-operative status of clients.
5. Nurse Educator- A nurse usually with advanced degree, who beaches in clinical or educational settings, teaches theoretical knowledge, clinical skills and conduct research.
6. Nurse Entrepreneur- a nurse who has an advanced degree, and manages health-related business.
7. Nurse administrator- a nurse who functions at various levels of management in health settings; responsible for the management and administration of resources and personnel involved in giving patient care.