Oxygen therapy – is the administration of oxygen as a therapeutic modality. It is prescribed by the physician, who specifies the concentration, method of delivery, and liter flow per minute.
Benefits of Oxygen Therapy:
Additional Benefits of Oxygen Therapy:
- Increased clarity
- Relieves nausea
- Can prevent heart failure in people with severe lung disease
- Allows the bodies organs to carry out normal functions
Long-Term Benefits of Oxygen Therapy:
- Prolongs life by reducing heart strain
- Decreases shortness of breath
- Makes exercise more tolerable
- Results in fewer days of hospitalization
Oxygen Delivery Systems
- Also called nasal prongs.
- Is the most common inexpensive device used to administer oxygen.
- It is easy to apply and does not interfere with the client’s ability to eat or talk.
- It delivers a relatively low concentration of oxygen which is 24% to 45% at flow rates of 2 to 6 liters per minute.
2. Face Mask
- It cover the client’s nose and mouth may be used for oxygen inhalation.
- Exhalation ports on the sides of the mask allow exhaled carbon dioxide to escape.
Types of Face Masks:
- Simple Face Mask – Delivers oxygen concentrations from 40% to 60% at liter flows of 5 to 8 liters per minute, respectively.
- Partial Rebreather Mask – Delivers oxygen concentration of 60% to 90% at liter flows of 6 to 10 liters per minute, respectively.
- Non Rebreather Mask – Delivers the highest oxygen concentration possible 95% to 100% – by means other than intubation or mechanical ventilation, at liter flows of 10 to 15 liters per minute.
- Venturi Mask – Delivers oxygen concentrations varying from 24% to 40% or 50% at liter flows of 4 to 10 liters per minute.
- It can replace oxygen masks when masks are poorly tolerated by clients.
- It provide varying concentrations of oxygen such as 30% to 50% concentration of oxygen at 4 to 8 liters per minute.
- It may be used for oxygen-dependent clients.
- The client requires less oxygen (0.5 to 2 liters per minute) because all of the low delivered enters the lungs.
Oxygen Therapy Safety Precautions:
- For home oxygen use or when the facility permits smoking, teach family members and roommates to smoke only outside or in provided smoking rooms away from the client.
- Place cautionary signs reading “No Smoking: Oxygen in use” on the clients door, at the foot or head of the bed, and on the oxygen equipment.
- Instruct the client and visitors about the hazard of smoking with oxygen use.
- Make sure that electric devices (such as razors, hearing aids, radios, televisions, and hearing pads) are in good working order to prevent the occurrence of short-circuit sparks.
- Avoids materials that generate static electricity, such as woolen blankets and synthetic fabrics. Cotton blankets should be used , and client and caregivers should be advised to wear cotton fabrics.
- Avoid the use of volatile, flammable materials such as oils, greases, alcohol, ether, and acetone(e.g. nail polish remover), near clients receiving oxygen.
- Ground electric monitoring equipment, suction machines and portable diagnostic machines.
- Make known the location of the fire extinguishers, and make sure personnel are trained in their use.