What is Nursing Informatics
- Is the integration of information science, health science, computer science and cognitive science.
- Is the derivative of the holistic objective of the medical practitioners such as the nurse, healthcare providers, physicians, and healthcare staffs.
- Is a specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicates data, information, and knowledge in nursing practice.
- It facilitates the integration of data, information, and knowledge to support patients, nurses, and other providers in their decision making in all roles and settings. This support is accomplished through the use of information structures, information processes, and information technology.
Nursing Informatics Specialist
- Is responsible for providing clinical information and data analysis for effective patient care and monitoring.
- Works with computer systems, data and information analysis systems such as a statistical information system to ensure optimal healthcare is provided.
Specific Role of Nurse Information Specialist
- Employs informatics theories, concepts, methods, and tools to analyze information and information system requirements.
- Design, select, implement, and evaluate information systems, data structures, and decision support mechanisms that support patients, nurses, and their human-computer interactions within health care contexts.
- Facilitates the creation of new nursing knowledge.
Application of Computer to Health Professions
- Automatic searching of parallel records for medically ill person and critical medical information
- Automatic searching of nationwide database holding registries or patients with critical problems
- Automated review of similar patients to determine expected lengths of stay, cost, and rates of complications – allowing better financial forecasting for the hospital and better information for the patient and caregiver.
- System will allow the user to very easily pull information from vast number of patients.
- Improved communication between multiple providers to reduce the “it slipped through the cracks” syndromes that plague the smooth running of operating rooms.
- Patient care and management – care providers are using data entry devices to document care given both at the bedside and a central terminals.
- Patient records-compilation of patient or test data, maintenance and retrieval of these records and use of these records for billing and usage and outcome analysis.
- Patient monitoring by recording patient data on line and from various tests
- Exchange of medical data from the compilation and maintenance of databases.
- Interactive medical education from database and tutorial software.
- Physician decision making from the use of patient records and databases.