Nursing Care Plan – Peritonitis
Peritonitis is an acute inflammation of the visceral/parietal peritoneum and endothelial lining of the abdominal cavity, or peritoneum. Peritonitis can be classified as primary or secondary, localized or generalized. When the peritoneal cavity is contaminated by bacteria, the body initially produces an inflammatory reaction that walls off a localized area to fight the infection. If this walling off process fails, the inflammation spreads and contamination becomes massive, resulting in diffuse peritonitis.