Nursing Care Plan – Peptic Ulcer
Peptic Ulcer is a lesion in the mucosa of the lower esophagus, stomach, pylorus, or duodenum. Also known as ulcus pepticum, PUD or peptic ulcer disease, is an ulcer (defined as mucosal erosions equal to or greater than 0.5 cm) of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and thus extremely painful. Causative factors include mucosal infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (mechanism unclear) or use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), especially aspirin. Genetic factors such as cigarette smoking, stress, and lower socio-economic status may also play a role. Complications include GI hemorrhage, perforation, and gastric outlet obstruction.