Nursing Care Plan – Neonatal Sepsis (Sepsis Neonatorum)
Neonatal sepsis is defined as a clinical syndrome of bacteremia (presence of bacteria in the blood)with systemic signs and symptoms of infection in the first 4 weeks of life. When pathogenic bacteria gain access into the blood stream, they may cause overwhelming infection without much localization (septicemia) or may get predominantly localized to the lung (pneumonia) or the meninges (meningitis).
Neonatal sepsis is the single most important cause of neonatal deaths in the community, accounting for over half of them. If diagnosed early and treated aggressively with antibiotics and good supportive care, it is possible to save most cases of neonatal sepsis.
Clinical manifestations of neonatal sepsis:
Refusal to suckle
Not arousable, comatosed
Poor weight gain
|Particularly suggestive of pneumonia||Particularly suggestive of meningitis|
High pitched cry