Maternal and Child Health Review Test
June 25, 2008 · 36 Comments
- A term neonate is to be released from hospital at 2 days of age. The nurse performs a physical examination before discharge.
- Nurse Valerie examines the neonate’s hands and palms. Which of the following findings requires further assessment?
a) Many crease across the palm.
b) Absence of creases on the palm.
c) A single crease on the palm.
d) Two large creases across the palm.
- The mother asks when the “soft spots” close? The nurse explains that the neonate’s anterior fontanel will normally close by age…
a) 2 to 3 months.
b) 6 to 8 months.
c) 12 to 18 months.
d) 20 to 24 months.
- When performing the physical assessment, the nurse explains to the mother that in a term neonate, sole creases are…
a) Absent near the heels.
b) Evident under the heels only,
c) Spread over the entire foot.
d) Evident only towards the transverse arch.
- When assessing the neonate’s eyes, the nurse notes the following: absence of tears, corneas of unequal size, constriction of the pupils in response to bright light, and the presence of red circles on the pupils on ophthalmic examination. Which of these findings needs further assessment?
a) The absence of tears.
b) Corneas of unequal size.
c) Constriction of the pupils.
d) The presence of red circles on the pupils.
- After teaching the mother about the neonate’s positive Babinski reflex, the nurse determines that the mother understands the instructions when she says that a positive Babinski reflex indicates….
a) Immature muscle coordination.
b) Immature central nervous system.
c) Possible lower spinal cord defect.
d) Possible injury to nerves that innervate the feet.
- Nurse Kris is responsible for assessing a male neonate approximately 24 hours old. The neonate was delivered vaginally.
6. The nurse should plan to assess the neonate’s physical condition….
a) Midway between feedings.
b) Immediately after a feeding.
c) After the neonate has been NPO for three hours.
d) Immediately before a feeding.
7. The nurse notes a swelling on the neonate’s scalp that crosses the suture line. The nurse documents this condition as…
a) Cephallic hematoma.
b) Caput succedaneum.
c) Hemorrhage edema.
d) Perinatal caput.
8. The nurse measures the circumference of the neonate’s heads and chest, and then explains to the mother that when the two measurements are compared, the head is normally about…
a) The same size as the chest.
b) 2 centimeter larger than the chest.
c) 2 centimeter smaller than the chest.
d) 4 centimeter larger than chest.
9. After explaining the neonate’s cranial molding, the nurse determines that the mother needs further instructions from which statement?
a) “The molding is caused by an overriding of the cranial bones.”
b) “The degree of molding is related to the amount of pressure on the head.”
c) “The molding will disappear in a few days.”
d) “The fontanels maybe damaged if the molding does not resolved quickly.”
14. When instructing the mother about the neonate’s need for sensory and visual stimulation, the nurse should plan to explain that the most highly develop sense in the neonate is…
- Nurse Joan works in a children’s clinic and helps with the care for well and ill children of various ages.
11. A mother brings her 4 month old infant to the clinic. The mother asks the nurse when she should wean the infant from breastfeeding and begin using a cup. Nurse Joan should explain that the infant will show readiness to be weaned by…
a) Taking solid foods well.
b) Sleeping through the night.
c) Shortening the nursing time.
d) Eating on a regular schedule.
12. Mother Arlene says the infant’s physician recommends certain foods but the infant refuses to eat them after breastfeeding. The nurse should suggest that the mother alter the feeding plan by…
a) Offering desert followed by vegetable and meat.
b) Offering breast milk as long as the infant refuses to eat solid food.
c) Mixing minced food with cow’s milk and feeding it to the infant through a large hole nipple.
d) Giving the infant a few minutes of breast and then offering solid food.
13. Which of the following abilities would a nurse expect a 4 month old infant to perform?
a) Sitting up without support.
b) Responding to pleasure with smiles.
c) Grasping a rattle when it is offered.
d) Turning from either side to the back.
14. The nurse plans to administer the Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST) to a five month old infant. The nurse should explain to the mother that the test measures the infants…
a) Intelligence quotient.
b) Emotional development.
c) Social and physical activities.
d) Pre-disposition to genetic and allergic illnesses.
15. When discussing a seven month old infant’s mother regarding the motor skill development, the nurse should explain that by age seven months, an infant most likely will be able to…
a) Walk with support.
b) Eat with a spoon.
c) Stand while holding unto a furniture
d) Sit alone using the hands for support.
16. A mother brings her one month old infant to the clinic for check-up. Which of the following developmental achievements would the nurse assess for?
a) Smiling and laughing out loud.
b) Rolling from back to side.
c) Holding a rattle briefly.
d) Turning the head from side to side.
17. A two month old infant is brought to the clinic for the first immunization against DPT. The nurse should administer the vaccine via what route?
18. The nurse teaches the client’s mother about the normal reaction that the infant might experience 12 to 24 hours after the DPT immunization, which of the following reactions would the nurse discuss?
b) Mild fever.
d) Nasal Congestion
19. An infant is observed to be competent in the following developmental skills: stares at an object, place her hands to the mouth and takes it off, coos and gargles when talk to and sustains part of her own weight when held to in a standing position. The nurse correctly assessed infant’s age as…
a) Two months.
b) Four months
c) Six months
d) Eight months.
20. The mother says, “the soft spot near the front of her baby’s head is still big, when will it close?” Nurse Lilibeth’s correct response would be at…
a) 2 to 4 months.
b) 5 to 8 months.
c) 9 to 12 months.
d) 13 to 18 months. prop
21. A mother states that she thinks her 9-month old is ‘developing slowly’. When evaluating the infant’s development, the nurse would not expect a normal 9-month old to be able to…
a) Creep and crawl.
b) Begin to use imitative verbal expressions.
c) Put an arm through a sleeve while being dressed.
d) Hold a bottle with good hand – mouth coordination.
22. The mother of the 9-month old says, “it is difficult to add new foods to his diet, he spits everything out”, she says. The nurse should teach the mother to…
a) Mix new foods with formula
b) Mix new foods with more familiar foods.
c) Offer new foods one at a time.
d) Offer new foods after formula has been offered.
23. Which of the following tasks is typical for an 18-month old baby?
a) Copying a circle
b) Pulling toys
c) Playing toy with other children
d) Building a tower of eight blocks
24. Mother Riza brings her normally developed 3-year old to the clinic for a check-up. The nurse would expect that the child would be at least skilled in…
a) Riding a bicycle
b) Tying shoelaces
c) Stringing large beads
d) Using blunt scissors
25. The mother tells the nurse that she is having problem toilet-training her 2-year old child. The nurse would tell the mother that the number one reason that toilet training in toddlers fails because the…
a) Rewards are too limited
b) Training equipment is inappropriate
c) Parents ignore “accidents” that occur during training
d) The child is not develop mentally ready to be trained
26. A child is not developmentally ready to be trained. A 2-1/2 year old child is brought to the clinic by his father who explains that the child is afraid of the dark and says “no” when asked to do something. The nurse would explain that the negativism demonstrated by toddler is frequently an expression of…
a) Quest for autonomy
c) Separation anxiety
d) Sibling rivalry
27. The nurse would explain to the father which concept of Piaget’s cognitive development as the basis for the child’s fear of darkness?
c) Conservation of matter
d) Object permanence
28. Mother asks the nurse for advice about discipline. The nurse would suggest that the mother would first use…
a) Structured interaction
29. When a nurse assesses for pain in toddlers, which of the following techniques would be least effective?
a) Ask them about the pain
b) Observe them for restlessness
c) Watch their face for grimness
d) Listen for pain cues in their cries.
30. The mother reports that her child creates a quite scene every night at bedtime and asks what she can do to make bedtime a little more pleasant. The nurse should suggest that the mother to…
a) Allow the child to stay up later one or two nights a week.
b) Establish a set bedtime and follow a routine
c) Let the child play toy just before bedtime
d) Give the child a cookie if bedtime is pleasant.
31. The mother asks about dental care for her child. She says that she helps brush the child’s teeth daily. Which of the following responses by the nurse would be most appropriate?
a) “Since you help brush her teeth, there’s no need to see a dentist now”
b) “You should have begun dental appointments last year but it is not too late”
c) “Your child does not need to see the dentist until she starts school”
d) “A dental check-up is a good idea, even if no noticeable problems are present”
32. The mother says that she will be glad to let her child brush her teeth without help, but at what age should this begin? Nurse Roselyn should respond at…
a) 3 years
b) 5 years
c) 6 years
d) 7 years
33. The mother tells the nurse that her other child, a 4-year old boy, has developed some “strange eating habits”, including not finishing her meals and eating the same foods for several days in a row. She would like to develop a plan to connect this situation. In developing such a plan, the nurse and mother should consider…
a) Deciding on a good reward for finishing a meal
b) Allowing him to make some decisions about the foods he eats
c) Requiring him to eat the foods served at meal times.
d) Not allowing him to play with friends until he eats all the food she served.
34. Nurse Bryan knows that one of the most effective strategies to teach a Four year old about safety is to…
a) Show him potential dangers to avoid
b) Tell him he is bad when they do something dangerous
c) Provide good examples of safety behavior
d) Show him pictures of children who have involve with accidents
35. A 9 year old girl is brought to the pediatrician’s office for an annual physical checkup. She has no history of significant health problems. When the nurse asks the girl about her best friend, the nurse is assessing…
a) Language development
b) Motor development
c) Neurological development
d) Social development
36. The child probably tells the nurse that brushing and flossing her teeth is her responsibility. When responding to this information, the nurse should realize that the child…
a) Is too young to be given this responsibility
b) Is most likely quite capable of this responsibility
c) Should have assumed this responsibility much sooner
d) Is probably just exaggerating the responsibility
37. The mother tells the nurse that the child is continually telling jokes and riddles to the point of driving the other family members crazy. The nurse should explain that this behavior is a sign of…
a) Inadequately parental attention
b) Mastery of language ambiguities
c) Inappropriate peer influence
d) Excessive television watching
38. The mother relates that the child is beginning to identify behaviors that pleases others as “good behavior”. The child’s behavior is characteristics of which Kohlberg’s level of moral development?
a) Pre-conventional morality
b) Conventional morality
c) Post conventional morality
d) Autonomous morality
39. The mother asks the nurse about the child’s apparent need for between-meals snacks, especially after school. The nurse and mother develop a nutritional plan for the child, keeping in mind that the child..
a) Does not need to eat between meals
b) Should eat snacks his mother prepares
c) Should help prepare own snacks
d) Will instinctively select nutritional snacks
40. The mother is concerned about the child’s compulsion for collecting things. The nurse explains that this behavior is related to the cognitive ability to perform.
a) Concrete operations
b) Formal operations
c) Coordination of
d) Tertiary circular reactions
41. The nurse explained to the mother that according to Erickson’s framework of psychosocial development, play as a vehicle of development can help the school age child develop a sense of…
42. The school nurse is planning a series of safety and accident prevention classes for a group of third grades. What preventive measures should the nurse stress during the first class, knowing the leading cause of incidental injury and death in this age?
a) Flame-retardant clothing
b) Life preserves
c) Protective eyewear
d) Auto seat belts
43. The mother of a 10-year old boy expresses concern that he is overweight. When developing a plan of care with the mother, Nurse Katrina should encourage her to…
a) Limit child’s between-,meal snacks
b) Prohibit the child from playing outside if he eat snacks
c) Include the child in meal planning and preparation
d) Limit the child’s calories intake to 1,200kCal/day
44. When assessing an 18-month old, the nurse notes a characteristics protruding abdomen. Which of the following would explain the rationale for this findings?
a) Increased food intake owing to age
b) Underdeveloped abdominal muscles
c) Bowlegged posture
d) Linear growth curve
45. If parents keep a toddler dependent in areas where he is capable of using skills, the toddler will develop a sense of which of the following?
46. Which of the following fears would the nurse typically associate with toddlerhood?
b) The dark
d) Going to sleep
47. A mother of a 2 year old has just left the hospital to check on her other children. Which of the following would best help the 2 year old who is now crying inconsolably?
a) Taking a nap
b) Peer play group
c) Large cuddly dog
d) Favorite blanket
48. Which of the following is an appropriate toy for an 18 month old?
a) Multiple-piece puzzle
b) Miniature Cars
c) Finger paints
d) Comic Book
49. When teaching parents about typical toddler eating patterns, which of the following should be included?
a) Food “jags”
b) Preference to eat alone
c) Consistent table manners
d) Increase in appetite
50. Which of the following toys should the nurse recommend for a 5-month old?
a) A big red balloon
b) A teddy bear with button eyes
c) A push-pull wooden truck
d) A colorful busy box