Category: Medical Surgical Nursing

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome is a malady wherein the immune system incorrectly produces antibodies against certain normal proteins present in the blood. Antiphospholipid syndrome therefore can lead to formation of blood clots...

Varicose Vein

Venous Disorders: Varicose Veins

Varicosities (varicose veins) are abnormally dilated, tortuous superficial veins caused by incompetent venous valves. It may be considered primary (no involvement of deep veins) or secondary (resulting from obstruction of...

nosebleed

Epistaxis (Nosebleed)

Epistaxis, also known as nosebleed, is a hemorrhage from the nose caused by the rupture of tiny, distended vessels in the mucous membrane of any area of the nose. Usually,...

Cardiac Hemodynamics

Cardiac Hemodynamics

An important determinant of blood flow in the cardiovascular system is the principle that fluid flows from a region of higher pressure to one of lower pressure. The pressures responsible...