Category: Medical Surgical Nursing

ABG Interpretation

What Nurses Need to Know about ABG Interpretation

ABG’s: What about them?

Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis and interpretation can give you a view about a patient’s oxygenation, acid-base balance, pulmonary function, and metabolic status as by interpreting such, you may be able to assess and monitor critically ill patients in the clinical area, especially in the ICU and other critical care settings.

Usually, ABG’s are ordered for patients with the following cases: Respiratory compromise, which may then lead to hypoxia or diminished ventilation, those with Peri/postcardiopulmonary arrest or collapse; patients with medical conditions that cause significant metabolic derangement (sepsis, diabetic ketoacidosis, renal failure, heart failure, toxic substance ingestion, drug overdose, trauma, or burns); to evaluate the efficiency of therapies, and monitor the patient’s clinical status, as well as to determine treatment needs of the patient. An example of this scenario is a physician, titrating oxygenation therapy such as adjusting the level of ventilator support (FiO2, BUR, TV and PF), and make decisions about fluid and electrolyte therapy basing on ABG results. ABGs may also be indicated during the perioperative phase of major surgeries (preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care of the patient).

overactive bladder

Overactive Bladder

Overactive bladder (OAB) condition poses a major impact in every aspect of a person’s life. Being diagnosed with this condition means no more vacations, dinner outside the house and social...

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction

What is it? Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is the inability of an individual to achieve erection or keep a firm erection during a sexual activity. This problem...

alsnerves

Lou Gehrig’s Disease

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), otherwise known as “Lou Gehrig’s Disease”, is a disease which involves advancing neurodegenerative disease that has an effect on the nerve cells of the brain as...

skin cancer

Skin Cancer

Types of Skin Cancers

Squamous and basal cell skin cancers. These cancers are categorized as non-melanomas. Usually, they begin in the squamous and basal cell, thus the names. These are located just at the base of the skin’s outer layer.

Most of the time, non-melanoma skin cancers occur on the parts of the body that are exposed to the sun, including the face, neck, lips, ear, as well as the back of the hands. They can either be slow or fast growing, depending on the kind, but they seldom spread to other parts of our body. Squamous or basal cell cancers have higher chances of being cured if they are discovered early and treated right then.

Hypercalcemia in Cancer

Hypercalcemia in Cancer

Electrolyte imbalance is a common occurrence in cancer patients. The calcium levels for instance may also increase. The normal level of calcium in the blood is between 4.5-5.5 mEq/L. High...

Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Nobody is exempted to venous insufficiency. However, the symptoms exceeded more than two weeks it can already classified as chronic venous insufficiency. The terms postphlebitic syndrome and postthrombotic syndrome may...