Category: Communicable Diseases

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Rabies

Rabies (from Latin: rabies, “madness, rage, fury.” Also known as “hydrophobia”) is a viral zoonotic neuroinvasive disease that causes acute encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) in mammals. It is most...

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Measles

Definition: An Acute highly communicable infection characterized by fever, rashes and symptoms referable to upper respiratory tract; the eruption is preceded by about 2 days or coryza, during which stage...

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Chickenpox vs. Smallpox

In smallpox, lesions are commonly found on the palms and soles. In chickenpox, however, there are very few or no lesions on the palms and soles. In smallpox, fever is...

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Smallpox

Definition: Is an infectious and highly communicable disease characterized by marked symptom during the prodromal period and appearance of the skin eruption which progresses through the stages of macule, papule,...

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Chicken Pox (Varicella)

Definition: is highly contagious disease caused by herpes virus varicella, characterized by vesicular eruptions on the skin and mucous membranes usually with mild constitutional manifestations. Etiologic Agent: Varicella zoster virus...

Leprosy

Leprosy

Leprosy, or Hansen’s disease, is a chronic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. Leprosy is primarily a granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper...